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Preservation

Preservation 2017-06-10T14:33:28+00:00

Wildlife animals are living an unprecedented crisis in this early 21st century. Some species still rife 20 or 30 years ago (giraffe, lion, barbary ape, hunting dog, grey parrot…) or who were believed to be out of danger thanks to 20th conservation acts (white rhinoceros, cheetah…) have recently had the sad privilege to see their significant precariousness made official by the IUCN ( International Union for Conservation of Nature ), during its last conference in September 2016.

For many reasons, the most pessimistic scenarios are coming true and a lot of species seem doomed to disappear in the next decades. The African continent is particularly put at risk because poaching has become widespread, because civil wars are constant and because millions of acres of savannah, wetlands or forests are being converted into agricultural lands.

This dark picture brings to light the responsibility that is incumbent upon wildlife parks. For some species that have disappeared in their natural milieu, wildlife parks are their only hope to see one day the environment they never should have left. Ensuring populations of wild animals in captivity exist has therefore become essential.

Since the 80s-90s, large wildlife parks all over the world work in accord with each other and get organised in the strictest way in order to avoid the pitfalls of inbreeding and then decide which species are to be bred as a priority.

The parks which are the most receptive to this action of conservation have gathered together as societies (EAZA for Europe, AZA for North America) and each one of them has organised itself to define the countless actions to be led by its members so that all the wildlife livestock in captivity stay lastingly without the need to introduce new specimens taken from their natural environment. For that, they have appointed a coordinator for each of the species receiving the highest level of management : European Endangered Species Breeding Programmes (EEP) and European Studbooks (ESBs). This coordinator has all the species genealogical information he needs to deal with and gives once a year breeding instructions to different members throughout Europe for years to come.

That sometimes implies separating from one’s valued animal because a genetically compatible partner lives several thousands kilometres away. In order to maintain their EAZA membership, wildlife animal parks must agree to these recommendations and must not give any market value to the animals they are separating from. All that is done in the interest of the species and without any financial compensation.

La Réserve Africaine de Sigean participates in the following 34 breeding programs:

ClassSpeciesCoordinator
MammalsBarbary ape, Macaca sylvanusSian Waters (Netherlands)
Lar Gibbon, Hylobates larJob Stumpel (Netherlands)
Chimpanzee, Pan troglodytesFrands Carlsen (Denmark)
Geoffroy’s tufted-eared marmoset, Callithrix geoffroyiAgustin Lopez Goya (Spain)
Black-capped squirrel monkey, Saimiri boliviensisDee Winfield (Scotland)
Hunting dog, Lycaon pictusRichard Barnes (United Kingdom)
Asiatic black bear, Ursus thibetanusMaria Krakowiak (Poland)
Cheetah, Acinonyx j.jubatusLars Versteege (Netherlands)
African elephant, Loxodonta africanaArne Lawrenz (Germany)
Somali wild ass, Equus africanusOlivier Pagan (Switzerland)
Zèbre de Grévy, Equus grevyiTanya Langenhorst (United Kingdom)
Onager, Equus hemionus onagerStephan Hering (Germany)
Hartmann’s mountain zebra, Equus zebra hartmannaeTanya Langenhorst (United Kingdom)
White rhinoceros, Ceratotherium simumLars Versteege (Netherlands)
Common warthog, Phacochoerus africanusRoss Snipp (United Kingdom)
Red buffalo, Syncerus caffer nanusMerel Zimmermann (Netherlands)
Reticulated giraffe, Giraffa c. reticulataJörg Jebram (Germany)
Kordofan giraffe, Giraffa c. antiquorumJörg Jebram (Germany)
Blesbok, Damaliscus pygargus phillipsiSonia Freeman (United Kingdom)
Cuvier’s gazelle, Gazella cuvieriEulalia Moreno (Spain)
Springbok, Antidorcas marsupialisBas Martens (Netherlands)
Sitatunga, Tragelaphus s. gratusPeter Zwanger (Germany)
Greater Kudu, Tragelaphus strepsicerosJörg Jebram (Germany)
Roan antelope, Hippotragus equinusKlaus Brunsing (Germany)
Lechwe, Kobus lecheJohn McLaughlin (Ireland)
Nile lechwe, Kobus megacerosYitzhak Yadid (Italy)
Aoudad, Ammotragus lerviaGerardo Espeso Pajares (Spain)
BirdsRed-necked ostrich, Struthio c.camelusMaren Frerking (Germany)
Abdim’s stork, Ciconia abdimiiZuzana Matyasova (United Kingdom)
Marabou, Leptoptilos crumeniferusCathy King (Netherlands)
Waldrapp ibis, Geronticus eremitaChristiane Boehm (Austria)
Pink-backed pelican, Pelecanus rufescensGeorgina Barnes (United Kingdom)
ReptilesAfrican dwarf crocodile, Osteolaemus tetraspisFabian Schmidt (Germany)
Madagascar tree boa, Sanzinia madagascariensisOlga Pofelska (Poland)

La Réserve Africaine de Sigean reproduit avec régularité l’intégralité des 27 taxons de mammifères du tableau ci-dessus. Pour certaines de ces espèces (Springbok, Cobe lechwe, Buffle de forêt, Pélican gris) les plus grands groupes européens sont hébergés à Sigean. La Réserve Africaine de Sigean ambitionne de participer à de nombreux autres programmes d’élevage dans les années à venir.